The Oldest Brewery 5,000 years ago found in Egypt

UMMATIMES - Egyptian and American archaeologists have found the oldest brewery at one of the most prominent archaeological sites in ancient Egypt, a top antiquities official said Wednesday.

The factory was found in Abydos, an ancient grave located in the desert west of the Nile, more than 450 kilometers (280 miles) south of Cairo. The factory appears to have originated in the territory of King Narmer, which is widely known for the unification of ancient Egypt in the early First Dynastic Period. (3150 BC - 2613 BC). said Secretary General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities,Mostafa Waziri.

Eight huge units - each 20 meters (about 65 feet) long and 2.5 meters (about 8 feet) wide. Each unit includes about 40 pottery tubs in two rows, which have been used to heat a mixture of grain and water to produce beer, said Mostafa Waziri.

This joint mission is led by Dr. Matthew Adams of the Fine Arts Institute, New York University, and Deborah Vischak, assistant professor of ancient Egyptian art history and archeology at Princeton University.

The factory appears to have been built in this area to provide beer for royal rituals, as archaeologists have found evidence suggesting the use of beer in ancient Egyptian sacrifice. said Dr. Matthew Adams.

The antiquities ministry said British archaeologists were the first to mention the factory's existence in the early 1900s, but they could not determine its location.

Abydos is known for a monument honoring Osiris, the god of the ancient Egyptian underworld and the god who was responsible for judging souls in the afterlife. Abydos with its extensive tombs and temples from the earliest times of ancient Egypt.

The necropolis has been used in every period of early Egyptian history, from prehistoric times to Roman times.

Egypt announced dozens of new ancient discoveries recently, in hopes of attracting more tourists.

The tourism industry has taken a further hit last year by the coronavirus pandemic, and was shaken from political turmoil following a popular 2011 uprising that toppled longtime autocrat Hosni Mubarak.