In the Happiest Country, How Many Are Imprisoned?

In the Happiest Country, How Many Are Imprisoned?

In the list of the happiest countries in the world published by the United Nations in 2021, the top 10 countries are countries dominated by the Nordic region. Besides these countries are rich countries, they also have policies that improve the welfare of the people.

Ummatimes - In the Nordic region, there are five countries namely Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland and Iceland. These countries are almost always included in the list of the 10 happiest countries in the world.

This year, Finland has won the first award as the happiest country in the world for the fourth time in a row. Iceland, Denmark, Sweden and Norway are behind them.

One of the aspects that make them dubbed the happiest country is the low crime rate. But of the five countries, which one has the most inmates or the density of prison occupancy? Read this article to the end to find out.

1. Iceland

The standard of happiness of a country has many aspects. One of them is the low crime rate. If the number of crimes is not much, then people will feel their lives are safe and free from threats.

They can relax and enjoy life without fear. They can live life without the threat of crime. Freedom from the threat of evil can make these people happy.

Of the five Nordic countries that are almost always included in the list of the 10 happiest countries in the world, Iceland is the country that has the least number of prisoners.

According to the World Prison Brief, Iceland's prison population was only 106 in 2020. That includes pre-trial prisoners currently under investigation.

With a total population of less than half a million people, prison occupancy density is 60.6 percent. Iceland has only five prisons and of these, each prison has fewer than 100 inmates. In the list of the 10 happiest countries in the world, Iceland is in second place.

2. Finland

Finland is a country that in 2021, has been named the happiest country in the first order in the world. The country's total population is about 5.5 million people, half of the population of DKI Jakarta.

The country, which has many beautiful natural landscapes, has a total of 2,743 prisoners. The percentage of female prisoners is only 8 percent, which means that inmates are dominated by men. The country's prison occupancy density is 91.5 percent.

From 2000, the number of inmates in Finnish prisons has continued to increase. The peak occurred in 2006 with the number of people detained as many as 3,778 prisoners. But after that, the number of prisoners continued to decline to this day.

3. Norway

The total population of the country is about 5.3 million people. Oslo is the capital and most populous area of ​​Norway. The population is around 1 million people.

As of September 2021, the number of prisoners in Norway is 3,214. The prison occupancy rate in Norway is 83.4 percent.

In general, since 2000 the prison population in Norway has increased. The peak occurred in 2016 with a total of 3,850 prisoners. But that number slowly then dwindled in the years that followed.

With almost the same population as Finland, the number of Norwegian prisoners is slightly higher. Even so, this country ranks 8th as the happiest country in the world. Oil is one of Norway's sources of wealth.

4. Denmark

Denmark is one of the Nordic countries with the smallest area. However, the population density is relatively high. Denmark's population will reach 5.8 million people in 2021.

The number of inmates in Danish prisons in April 2021, as many as 4,227 people. This number exceeds capacity, because the prison cells provided are only to accommodate 4,085 prisoners.

To cope with the overcrowding of inmates, Denmark recently agreed to rent a prison in Kosovo, a country on the Balkan Peninsula. The number for rent is 300 cells and Denmark has said it will send harmless prisoners to the rented cells.

Although Denmark has a large number of prisoners, the country with the capital city Copenhagen is included in the list of the happiest countries in the world in 2021. Denmark ranks third.

5. Sweden

Sweden is the most populous country among the Nordic countries. In 2021, the population in Sweden will reach 10.37 million people. This number is almost equivalent to the total population of DKI Jakarta.

The number of prisoners held in Swedish prisons stood at 7,607 in September 2020. Since 2000, the number of people detained has increased as well as decreased. Starting in 2016, there is a trend of increasing the number of prisoners in the country.

The occupancy density of prisons in Sweden has exceeded its capacity, reaching 101.1 percent. According to the World Prison Brief, prisons in Sweden are officially used to accommodate 7,027 inmates.

With the largest population and most inmates, Sweden remains one of the happiest countries in the world. In 2021, Sweden ranks 6th on the list.

Although the high crime threat is one of the reasons why people are not happy, the large number of prisoners imprisoned in a country does not always indicate that the citizens of that country are happy.

Whether or not the number of people imprisoned in a country, will also be proportional to the size of its population. But overall, the number of prisoners in the Nordic countries is relatively small.

While the Nordic countries are rich countries with beautiful natural landscapes, they also remain safe countries to visit. Four of the five Nordic countries, according to US News, are in the top 10 safest countries in the world by perception.